Uzbekistan is on Track to Enhanced Transparency Framework Transition
- New FAO project is designed to support Uzbekistan to prepare the transformation to the new framework under the Paris Agreement, aiming to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change.
In Uzbekistan, a FAO project on the improvement of the national capacity for transparency-related activities in line with national priorities is seeking for GEF funds.
It should assist the government, private sector, academia, in strengthening their current reporting instruments, including more up-to-date inventories of emission sources and sinks using advanced IPCC guidance, and institutional arrangements with the relevant tools, trainings and assistance for progress towards its Enhanced Transparent Framework (ETF).
The project discussion was launched with a stakeholder online meeting on 22 January. Participants were involved in the project design as well as discussed ways to identify synergies and areas of collaboration with different partners. FAO specialists and officials from the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Forestry Committee, the State Committee on Ecology and Environmental Protection and the Center for the Hydrometeorological Service of Uzbekistan participated in the workshop.
The Paris Agreement is aimed to combat climate change and its impacts, by signing of which Uzbekistan committed to limit the rise of the global average temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius. To reach this goal, each country has developed individual climate commitments, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Additionally, there are other provisions under the Paris Agreement that are focused on climate change mitigation and adaptation regulation in a country. It is globally agreed to assist developing nations in their climate mitigation and adaptation efforts by creating a framework for the transparent monitoring, reporting, and ratcheting up of countries’ climate goals. In order to increase the ambition of the counties’ pledges by revealing information on Parties’ climate efforts, a new “Enhanced Transparency Framework” (ETF) is supposed to report and review information on Parties’ greenhouse gas emissions, progress made in implementing and achieving NDCs, their adaptation actions, and the financial, technological and capacity-building support needed, received and provided to developing country Parties.
The government officially signed the Paris Agreement on 19 April 2017, and ratified it in November 2018. The NDC sets mitigation and adaptation objectives “to decrease specific emissions of greenhouse gases per unit of GDP by 10% by 2030 from level of 2010” and “to continue its efforts for adaptation capacity building to reduce risk of climate change adverse impact on various sectors of economy, social sector and Priaralie (Aral Sea coastal zone).”
The project contributes to the Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) under the GEF-7 Climate Change Mitigation Focal Area Strategy to support projects that build institutional and technical capacity to meet the enhanced transparency requirements in the Paris Agreement. The CBIT aims to:
- Strengthen national institutions for transparency-related activities in line with national priorities;
- Provide relevant tools, training and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13 of the Agreement; and
- Assist in the improvement of transparency over time.